Increase Rate Of Suicides, Homicide And Crimes In Ghana Needs Holistic Approach Through Mental Health Empowerment
This is an Open Letter To the Parliament And Government of Ghana.
Suicide is the individual killing of oneself.
On the other hand, Homicide is the individual killing of another person .
Particularly, Victims of suicide were predominantly males 85.92% with age range 10-86 years(1997-2019 ), and women most often the victims of Homicide .
Statistically, Suicide by hanging 67.94% , the use of firearms 18.32% ,and self poisoning 8.93% were the common methods used by the victims.
However, marital or relationships and family problems were commonly cited as the reasons for the commission of Suicides.( Online news Portals on suicides)
Globally, estimated one million people die of suicide every year; this translates to one death every 35 seconds .
Many more attempt suicide and often not disclosed as suicide is deemed criminal in some countries such as Ghana.
Note again that, suicide is the second leading cause of death among under 30 years old globally and occurs throughout the lifespan. Suicide accounted for 1.4% of all deaths worldwide.
In fact, Ghana’s suicide death rate is estimated at 1,500 annually.
Besides, in 2020 and early weeks of 2021, there have been several news of individuals taking their lives . Most prominent were some senior police officers among others.
More so, people hanging themselves, women poisoning themselves and their children , gun shots at self and targeted shooting of people perceived to be homicides ,arm robbery and road accidents .
For most part, suicide commission is usually attributed to social and psychological problems.
Solitary living, extreme helplessness, hopelessness,and worthlessness,or defeat and failure, which may result from depressive psychopathology,are often linked to suicidal ideations and then to suicide.
Furthermore, traumatic events ,such as the loss of close relation causes emotional distress and can lead to an ending inability to cope with the loss.
Financial or legal difficulties is another.
Again, Social factors also trigger the suicidal and and homicidal tendencies.
Along with abuse of drugs which leads to increased crimes.
Obviously, excessive thinking and stress lead some drivers causing suicide and homicide on the roads.
With the above details on suicide homicide and crimes, it is an appeal to parliament and government to help establish Utramodern Psychological And Counselling Hospitals in Ghana. This will make it more convenient for people to access mental health care, without mingling with those people receiving treatments at the psychiatric Hospitals to at least, curb the stigmatisation.
Hopefully, this will help reduce the suicidal ideations and homicides. Additionally, it’ll give Ghana a healthy nation full of healthy mental capacity. Especially, carry out public and social tasks to boost the economy and human resources.
As a rule, the future is Mental Health Empowerment for a healthy nation , Ghana.
Writer: Bismark Kwabla Kpobi
Mental Health/Psychiatric Nurse (SSN)